What we treat
Dental trauma can cause a fracture in a part of the crown of the tooth (the visible part) or in the root (the part embedded in the jaw).
If you have suffered trauma in one or more of your teeth, it is very important to schedule a checkup with a dentist as soon as possible; in case of avulsion, an urgent intervention will be necessary (if possible within one hour of the avulsion) in order to be able to reinsert the tooth in its natural place and reduce the likelihood of later complications.
Who treats dental trauma in our studio?
How do we treat dental trauma?
If there is no visible damage, the next step is to exclude the possibility of any hidden damage, such as a fracture in the supporting bone (alveolar bone) or in the root of the tooth. This is done through a clinical examination or radiography, and is followed by regular checkups in the following months to rule out any delayed-onset complications, such as a dead nerve or the appearance of internal root resorption.
One part of the tooth is chipped or broken: in this case it is important to bring the fragment of tooth that has broken off as it can be reattached. If the fracture is wider or the broken fragment is not available, the tooth can be repaired with a filling or a crown.
A fracture of the mandibular or maxillary bones: this will necessitate an appointment with a maxillofacial surgeon.
Discoloured tooth: the trauma has provoked a haemorrhage within the dental pulp (pink colour) or has caused the nerve to die (grey colour). This case will most likely require the removal of the damaged nerve (root canal).
The tooth has been dislodged from its natural position: an intervention to reposition the tooth back in its place can be carried out manually in the hours immediately following a trauma. Should too much time pass, the repositioning will require the use of orthodontic braces. Not infrequently, the nerve of the tooth will suffer irreversible damage, which will necessitate a root canal.
The tooth has been avulsed: the tooth may be reinserted if it has been maintained in ideal conditions: it must be preserved in the saliva (in the mouth) of the trauma sufferer, in milk, or in saline solution, and should be brought to the dentist within one hour for it to be reinserted with a reasonable probability of long-term durability. The use of a moulded mouth guard during sporting activity may prevent dental trauma.
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To find out more
What is dental traumatology?
Dental traumatology is the discipline dealing with treatment of the immediate effects of trauma on the teeth, their support structure and the maxillary bone, as well as the treatment of subsequent consequences of trauma, such as the nerve dying or internal root resorption.